Experts claim that they have final­ly found a way to burn white fat, which will help obese peo­ple and dia­bet­ics cope with their ill­ness.

Due to a seden­tary lifestyle and an abun­dance of all kinds of gas­tro­nom­ic temp­ta­tions, many of us suf­fer from excess weight. The fat that accu­mu­lates around the bel­ly and thighs is called white fat. In essence, it rep­re­sents an ener­gy reserve that the body stores for future use in case of rainy days.

Don’t self-med­icate! In our arti­cles, we col­lect the lat­est sci­en­tif­ic evi­dence and opin­ions from respect­ed health experts. But remem­ber: only a doc­tor can make a diag­no­sis and pre­scribe treat­ment.

But this is not the only type of fat in the human body. Each of us also con­tains brown fat, which burns stored ener­gy to pro­duce heat and main­tain tem­per­a­ture. This process is called ther­mo­ge­n­e­sis.

Sci­en­tists have long been try­ing to find a uni­ver­sal way to con­vert white fat into brown fat, which would help get rid of excess fat deposits. Not only will this help us shed extra pounds and look more attrac­tive, but it will also give doc­tors a chance to treat obe­si­ty and many of its asso­ci­at­ed prob­lems (such as type 2 dia­betes) with­out resort­ing to surgery and rad­i­cal diets. Cur­rent­ly, some progress has already been made in this direc­tion — but we are talk­ing about stud­ies on mice, while tests on humans have not yield­ed sig­nif­i­cant results.

But every­thing can change. Researchers from the Uni­ver­si­ties of Sher­brooke and Copen­hagen have found out what the root of the prob­lem is. They claim that dur­ing their exper­i­ments, doc­tors main­ly tar­get­ed beta3-adren­er­gic recep­tors (b3-AR), but they do not work well in humans. Instead, you should pay atten­tion to their “rel­a­tives”, b2-AR — they stim­u­late ther­mo­ge­n­e­sis.

Since the goal is now known, sci­en­tists plan to move from the­o­ry to prac­tice. If their research is suc­cess­ful, then one of the most impor­tant prob­lems of the mod­ern world — excess caloric con­tent of food — can be neu­tral­ized with new gen­er­a­tion drugs. “Acti­vat­ing brown fat burns calo­ries, improves insulin sen­si­tiv­i­ty and even affects appetite reg­u­la­tion,” explained Camille Schele, author of the study. “Our data points to a pre­vi­ous­ly unknown key to unlock­ing these func­tions in peo­ple, which could poten­tial­ly bring great ben­e­fits to those suf­fer­ing from obe­si­ty or type 2 dia­betes.”

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