Insulin is one of four hor­mones that con­trols our metab­o­lism. If every­thing is not in order with it, not only excess weight may appear, but also a very dan­ger­ous con­di­tion — insulin resis­tance.

Ques­tion: How are insulin and excess weight relat­ed?

Answer: Often, in order to jus­ti­fy a fat per­son, friends say that he has meta­bol­ic prob­lems. And experts use the phrase “insulin resis­tance syn­drome.” How­ev­er, this syn­drome is a con­se­quence of obe­si­ty that a per­son has devel­oped, and not vice ver­sa.

Why? The hor­mone insulin is the “key” that ensures the pen­e­tra­tion of glu­cose from the cir­cu­la­to­ry sys­tem into the cells of the body. That is, thanks to him, we also extract ener­gy from food. But some­times the mech­a­nism breaks down and the cells stop “open­ing” prop­er­ly. Insulin resis­tance is a con­di­tion in which mus­cle, fat and liv­er cells respond poor­ly to insulin and can­not eas­i­ly absorb glu­cose from the blood. This caus­es the pan­creas to pro­duce more insulin. As long as the pan­creas can pro­duce just the right amount of insulin to help cells absorb blood sug­ar, glu­cose lev­els will be main­tained at healthy lev­els. Experts believe that obe­si­ty, espe­cial­ly too much fat in the abdom­i­nal area and around organs called vis­cer­al fat, is a major cause of insulin resis­tance. It has been estab­lished that in fat peo­ple with a body weight 35–40% high­er than nor­mal, tis­sue sen­si­tiv­i­ty to insulin is reduced by the same 40%. It’s a vicious cir­cle, but there is a way out of it. Insulin resis­tance is treat­able. This will require a nutri­tion­al cor­rec­tion in favor of a more bal­anced and healthy choice of foods, a decrease in the lev­el of body fat, as well as phys­i­cal activ­i­ty: glu­cose is well uti­lized in work­ing mus­cles.

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