Extra pounds will be reflect­ed not only in the mir­ror — first of all, they will affect your health! We study the main threats of obe­si­ty.

Obe­si­ty has a neg­a­tive effect on the body as a whole, on func­tion­al indi­ca­tors and on spe­cif­ic vital organs.

Liver

Your main fil­ter will fall first — weight gain leads to seri­ous dis­tur­bances in fat metab­o­lism. The trou­ble is that there are no pain recep­tors inside the liv­er — you won’t know that some­thing is wrong with it until the sit­u­a­tion becomes advanced. If the prob­lem makes itself known (pain appears in the right hypochon­dri­um), it means that the liv­er has enlarged and began to put pres­sure on the cap­sule sur­round­ing it.

How to pre­vent: You can under­stand that you are out of the norm if you overeat once — nau­sea or vom­it­ing will appear. This is the first symp­tom sig­nal­ing that it is time to reduce por­tions.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “Blood tests for sug­ar, thy­roid func­tion, testos­terone and cho­les­terol lev­els — these need to be tak­en once a year if you want to pre­vent the occur­rence of seri­ous dis­eases.”

Heart and blood vessels

As a rule, a per­son begins to gain weight not only due to poor nutri­tion, but also due to a decrease in phys­i­cal activ­i­ty. It is worth remem­ber­ing that the heart is also a mus­cle that requires nor­mal move­ment to func­tion prop­er­ly. As a per­son gains weight, fat and cho­les­terol are deposit­ed on the walls of blood ves­sels, lead­ing to the for­ma­tion of plaques that impede cir­cu­la­tion and cause the heart to work over­time.

How to pre­vent: First, you should give up fast food in favor of veg­eta­bles. Take broc­coli: this type of cab­bage fam­i­ly is rich in vit­a­mins B, C and D, as well as potas­si­um, mag­ne­sium, iron, phos­pho­rus, man­ganese and fiber, which are very use­ful for the prop­er func­tion­ing of the heart and blood ves­sels.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “The quick­est way to find out if you are over­weight is to mea­sure your waist. If its cir­cum­fer­ence exceeds 90 cm, it’s time to take care of your­self. Doc­tors will help you find out in more detail about in which parts of the body fat has accu­mu­lat­ed using a diag­nos­tic method called bioim­ped­anceme­try.”

Respiratory system

Obe­si­ty caus­es enlarge­ment of all parts of the body, not just the abdomen. The neck also gets thick­er. As a result, a per­son begins to suf­fer from snor­ing, and often apnea — stop­ping breath­ing dur­ing sleep. The rea­son is that with the appear­ance of full­ness in the throat, the clear­ance for air flow decreas­es, and when the res­pi­ra­to­ry mus­cles relax (this hap­pens dur­ing sleep), this clear­ance can even close. As a result of fre­quent stop­pages of breath­ing, you do not get enough sleep and feel slug­gish dur­ing the day.

How to pre­vent: obe­si­ty will inevitably lead to the above effects. For the first time, spe­cial pil­lows that allow you to sleep only on your side will help, as well as a com­plete ces­sa­tion of smok­ing and alco­hol.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “It is worth remem­ber­ing that snor­ing, short­ness of breath, heav­i­ness when climb­ing stairs and swelling are some of the most obvi­ous signs of excess weight. If they occur, you should pull your­self togeth­er or seek help.”

Genitals

An imbal­ance of fats in the body leads to improp­er pro­duc­tion of testos­terone, and a decrease in testos­terone in the body is known to deprive you of sex­u­al desire.

How to pre­vent: For the sake of pre­ven­tion, we rec­om­mend stock­ing up on pome­gran­ate — it con­tains antiox­i­dants that nor­mal­ize blood cir­cu­la­tion in the pelvis and are indis­pens­able in increas­ing poten­cy. Remem­ber that pome­gran­ate is best con­sumed raw.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “If a man can­not see his own gen­i­tals because of his bel­ly, this is a sign of obe­si­ty. Anoth­er clear sign is if it becomes dif­fi­cult to bend over and lace your shoes.”

Kidneys

A cou­ple of years ago, research results appeared that exam­ined the effect of excess weight on kid­ney dis­ease. Amer­i­can sci­en­tists exam­ined 4,500 peo­ple and con­clud­ed that the risk of dis­ease in these organs is high­er in those who have been obese for sev­er­al years. Oth­er researchers from Johns Hop­kins Uni­ver­si­ty (USA) con­firmed these results, say­ing that excess weight is a direct path to the devel­op­ment of urolithi­a­sis. The rea­sons for this have not yet been clar­i­fied, but the result is clear: out of 100,000 peo­ple exam­ined, kid­ney dis­ease was detect­ed 4.9% more often in over­weight peo­ple.

How to pre­vent: We rec­om­mend that you take a clos­er look at pump­kin — it con­tains beta-carotene, vit­a­mins A, C, E, potas­si­um and pectins, which remove excess salts from the kid­neys, speed up metab­o­lism and nor­mal­ize water-salt bal­ance.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “It is worth remem­ber­ing that men are more like­ly than women to devel­op hyper­ten­sion (one of the con­se­quences of kid­ney dis­ease) from excess weight. But dia­betes mel­li­tus, on the con­trary, is more com­mon in women.”

Brain

For a long time, it was believed that the effect of excess weight on brain func­tion was a myth. In the 2000s, the French sci­en­tist Maxime Cournot pub­lished the results of a study in which she exper­i­men­tal­ly proved that excess weight wors­ens cog­ni­tive func­tion. The exper­i­ment involved 2,200 peo­ple aged 32 to 62 tak­ing four tests and then tak­ing them again after five years. It turned out that the abil­i­ty of well-fed peo­ple to give cor­rect answers decreased by 37.5%, and sub­jects with a nor­mal body mass index answered the same as five years ago. Why is that? Key the­o­ry: Obe­si­ty-induced loss of elas­tic­i­ty of blood ves­sels in the cere­bral cor­tex leads to demen­tia.

How to pre­vent: One of the best foods to nour­ish brain cells is fish. It con­tains omega‑3 fat­ty acids, which cleanse those very clogged blood ves­sels and improve blood cir­cu­la­tion in the brain. It also con­tains phos­pho­rus, which has a ben­e­fi­cial effect on the func­tion­ing of nerve cells.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “Exces­sive ner­vous­ness often makes the sit­u­a­tion worse. In short, as a result of stress, insulin (reg­u­lates the absorp­tion of glu­cose) ceas­es to func­tion in the body as it should. As a result, a per­son con­stant­ly expe­ri­ences a feel­ing of hunger, but his body is not sati­at­ed, and when pro­cess­ing food, more fat is deposit­ed than usu­al.”

Leather

Your skin will always read­i­ly tell oth­ers about all the adven­tures of your body. In addi­tion to the fact that any unhealthy food is always reflect­ed on the face in the form of rash­es and painful­ly enlarged pores, excess weight reminds itself of severe swelling, often a swollen neck.

How to pre­vent: Instead of a hearty din­ner before bed, eat a por­tion of lean pro­tein — turkey or chick­en.

Nutri­tion­ist’s response: “You can also add a veg­etable sal­ad to your diet, sea­soned with lemon juice or soy sauce, but not with veg­etable oil.”

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